Mental Health Facts Globally:
20% of children and adolescent have mental disorder in the world. Mostly, mental disorders begin before the age of 14 years.
Depression is affecting around 300 million people around the globe, a leading cause of mental disability.
Since 2012 depression rate in youth risen from 5.9% to 8.2%
In every 40 seconds 1 person commit suicide which leads to almost 800000 suicides per year. Suicides become the leading cause of death among people between 15 to 30 years of age.
Mental disorder reduces the life expectancy by 10 to 20 years in comparison to the general population.
LGBTQ community members are almost 3 times more likely to feel depression or other mental health disorders.
More than 25% of the youth affected by mental disorders also trapped with substance abuse.
Most common sign and symptoms of mental health issues can be frequent mood swings, loneliness, eating disorders, unable to concentrate on work and excessive worrying.
In low-income countries rates of mental health workers is below 2 per 1 lakh (100000) of the population, however it reaches to only 70 per 1 lakh population in high-income countries
Less than 50% of the total countries have mental health policies.
Due to major mental disorders like anxiety and depression, the global economy loses around 1trillion US dollar per year in productivity.
Mental disorders may impact seriously to the performance of a student and also a personal relationship.
Significant reduction in symptoms has been observed in 70 to 90% of the people who are seeking proper treatment of mental health issues.
The South Asian regions comprise 23% of the world’s population. It includes India, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Afghanistan. This South Asian region contains one fifth of psychiatrically ill patients in the world. This estimated to be 150-200 million of people.
Surprising Mental Health Facts- India:
Mental health disorders in INDIA are a big issue. Around every 6th Indian require mental health support.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO) fifteen percent of the world’s elderly population suffer from a mental disorder. However, in India this is 21.9 % which is much higher than the global average.
National Mental Health Survey done in 2016 found that close to 14% of the population of India required active mental health interventions. It also says that about two percent suffered from severe mental disorders.
Treatment gap for mental disorders in India ranged between 70% and 92% for different disorders: common mental disorder – 85.0%; severe mental disorder – 73.6%; psychosis – 75.5%; BPAD (Bipolar affective disorder) – 70.4%; alcohol use disorder – 86.3%; and tobacco use – 91.8%.
A meta-analysis of 13 psychiatric epidemiological studies consisting of 33572 persons in 6550 families has been performed. This study yielded an estimate prevalence rate of 58.2 per thousand populations. Organic psychosis (prevalence rate 0.4), schizophrenia (2.7), affective disorders (12.3) contributed a rate of 15.4 for psychoses. The prevalence rate for mental retardation (6.9), epilepsy (4.4), neurotic disorders (20.7), alcohol/drug addiction (6.9; and miscellaneous group (3.9) were estimated.
Higher prevalence rate of mental and behavioural disorder for urban sector, females, age group of 35-44, married/widowers/divorced, lower socioeconomic status, and nuclear family members were confirmed.
The findings indicated that there are 1.5 crore people suffering from severe mental disorders (psychoses) in India.
The prevalence rate of mental disorders has been found for males were 51.9 and it was 64.8 for females. In males, alcohol/drug addiction, manic affective psychosis, mental retardation and personality disorders were significantly high, while organic psychosis, endogenous depression, manic depression and all neurotic disorders were significantly high among females.
The total prevalence of mental disorders in India is 58 per 1000 person. In which, 48.9 per 1000 resides in the rural area and 80.6 per 1000 in the urban places.
An estimated prevalence of psychiatric morbidity in India is 56 per 1000.
The new Mental Health Care Act, 2017 replaced the older Act which has been in place since 1987.
In 2017, it was estimated that India held around 57 million individuals considered to have depression.
Air pollution in the urban places is a key risk factor in developing dementia.