If you have a child in your home then you must know about Measles infection. Most of people have less information about MEASLES. So here, let’s discuss some important facts and figures about this infection.
This article is very important to know information about measles, since Measles is directly connected with children.
What is Measles?
Measles is a viral infection which is contagious and spread through respiratory system. Measles is also known as Khasra and Morbilli. Sometimes, measles is also confused with Rubeola (Rubella) which is spread by Rubella virus.
Symptoms of Measles:
Symptoms develop approximately 10-12 days after exposure to the virus or an infected person. Main symptoms are-
- Fever (Often more than 40 °C)
- Runny nose
- Conjunctivitis (Red and inflamed Eyes)
- Red and blotchy skin rash
- Koplik’s spots
In severe cases ear infection and diarrhea are the most common complications of Measles.
It can leads to Pneumonia, encephalitis (swelling of the brain) and death also if not cured properly.
Mainly Measles spread from two types of sources i.e. Active and Passive
If a person directly infected from the virus. Measles virus (MeV) is a single stranded, negative-sense, enveloped RNA virus.
When the virus spread indirectly through coughs, sneezes, saliva or nasal secretions of infected people.
Measles disease affects more in developing countries of Asia and Africa.
In USA before immunization of Measles, around 3 to 4 million cases occurred each year. In 2016 America declared as Measles free country but, in 2017 and 2018 some cases occurred again.
There is no specific treatment available for this disease. But, we can give supportive treatment like antibiotic to secondary bacterial infection, fever medication, oral rehydration fluid and healthy food.
Risk of death due to Measles disease is more in person suffering from malnutrition. Hence proper nutrition must be taken by every child.
Prevention is better than cure:
Like other vaccine, measles vaccine is also available. We can prevent this disease with the help of Measles vaccination. Often this vaccine delivered in combination with other vaccine. The most popular one is MMR vaccine which stands for Measles, mumps and Rubella.
Generally, first dose of Measles vaccine given to a child at around 9 months to 15 months old and second dose from 15 months old to 6 years.
What is Mission 2020?
In India, The Health Department now runs a MISSION 2020. The mission is all about the elimination of Measles and Rubella in next two years till 2020. Regular vaccination and public awareness about this disease will conduct from Nov-2018.
The campaign will run for 5 weeks with 3 phases.
First phase– Launched on 26Nov2018 with awareness run in government, private schools and Madarsas about Measles in first two weeks. Student will also immunize during this phase.
Second phase- For next two weeks, Communal areas will be covered for awareness with children immunization.
Third phase- Immunization of children who were left in the first two phases.
80% children from Schools and Madarsas will be immunized.
20% children will be immunized from community area.
Dr. Narendra Agrawal (Lucknow Chief Medical Officer) says that “The aim of the Mission 2020 is to eradicate Measles (Rubeola) completely. Only one vaccine will be given to the children instead of two. Doctors and health workers have been trained to apply vaccine.”
Elimination of this kind of diseases are very important. We must spread awareness about such kind of programmes from government. Only our support can help to eliminate Measles and Rubella like infectious diseases.
So friends, it is necessary and our duty to spread this information about Measles, because parents will be aware and they can understand and initiate vaccination for their children.